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January 14, 2019

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The Events that Led to the 40 Hours of Work in a Week

It was not a thing for workers to work for 40 hours a day. You will still have some workers who work for over 48 hours in a week with the set working hours being 40 hours, which is 8 hours a day for five days. To be able to get the 40 hours a week, it was a struggle and from this website, you will get more info from the events that took place.

Own who was a Welsh manufacturer suggested that a day should be divided into three equal sections with 8 hours back in 1817. The first part of the day would be for working, the other part would be for recreation, and the other would be for rest. European nations did not like this, but it later started being realized in the US. The Congress implemented the law, but the employers didn’t appreciate it.

A section of workers in Illinois requested the Legislature to reduce the working hours to 8 hours in a day in 1867. The law was passed, but there are those who could sign a deal with their employers for longer hours. It made many agitated, and this led to a huge strike that took place in Chicago on the 1st of May. In 1869, President Ulysses S. Grant, signed a deal that assured a stable wage and eight working hours for the government employees.

During the 1870s and the 1880s, the trade unions and the labor unions continued to advocate for the 40 working hours in a week, and they held national strikes each day on May 1st. In 1886, a strike was organized that caused deaths and injuries of both the police and the workers.

In 1914, the Ford Motor Company implemented the eight working hours a day and an increased wage, but the workers still worked for six days. This company could send people to evaluate the homes of their employees to see whether they deserved the better wages. Different companies accepted to offer their workers a 40-hour working week. It thus led to a strike of 4 million American workers who had not received this right.

In 1937, the General Motors Company had still not instituted the eight working hours with better pay. The workers worked in an unhealthy and unsafe environment. 8 years into the Great Depression, the workers of this company went into a strike which led to a reduction of their working hours.

In 1938, President Roosevelt signed the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) which saw the working hours in a week to be 44. The Congress later amended this to 40 working hours.